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中国交响乐团

中国交响乐团:

1956年7月3日,中国的国家乐团-中央乐团成立,在北京举行了乐团成立后的第一场音乐会,音乐会的内容为纪念莫扎特诞辰200周年,1996年乐团进行了重组,更名为中国交响乐团。从那一天算起,这支代表中国交响乐艺术水准的“旗舰”乐团已经有了55年的历史。在这段历史中,著名中国指挥家李德伦、韩中杰为乐团演奏艺术的提高打下了雄厚的基础。指挥家奥曼迪、卡拉扬、小泽征尔、迪图瓦、马祖尔、罗日杰斯特文斯基、潘德列茨基、范斯卡、哈丁、津曼、陈佐湟、汤沐海、邵恩等;演奏家大卫•奥依斯特拉赫、梅纽因、斯特恩、穆特、阿格里奇、马友友、郎朗、李云迪、王健、王羽佳、阿尔布雷赫特·梅耶等世界音乐大师曾与乐团共铸辉煌。全部由中国人演出的中文版贝多芬第九交响曲,就是中央乐团于1959年10月1日在北京首演的。乐团不仅演奏了大量的贝多芬、勃拉姆斯、柴科夫斯基、瓦格纳、马勒、理查·施特劳斯、肖斯塔科维奇、潘德列茨基等大量西方交响乐文献。还推出了以冼星海「黄河大合唱」和由此作品改编的钢琴协奏曲「黄河」为代表的众多当代作曲家的交响乐作品。乐团还演奏过贝多芬、瓦格纳、普契尼和理查·施特劳斯的歌剧。

乐团先后在世界性巡演中出访了欧洲、亚洲、南美洲的许多国家,2006年,乐团携关峡新创作的交响幻想曲《霸王别姬》和李姆斯基-科萨科夫的交响组曲《天方夜谭》等作品到美国8个城市巡演,在纽约林肯艺术中心和芝加哥交响乐大厅等主流音乐厅给观众留下了美好的印象。乐团以令人信服的艺术表现力和独具特色的中国神韵赢得了各国听众的高度赞誉,并受到英国《泰晤士报》、美国《纽约时报》、《华盛顿邮报》等权威媒体的好评,称“中国交响乐团是一个非常成熟的、扎实的、热情充沛的、受过精心训练的乐团”;“乐队的精彩演出赢得了听众,掌声经久不息,令人感到不虚此行”。韩国媒体称乐团是亚洲最好的交响乐团,是“十三亿中国人民的骄傲”。2010年6月,世界著名指挥大师米歇尔·普拉松带领乐团在莫斯科交响乐团音乐节上演奏了圣-桑的第三交响曲和中国作曲家关峡的《大地安魂曲》,音乐节的组织者盛赞乐团“美妙的东方之声”。

中国国家交响乐团室内乐技艺精湛,曾在许多重要国际外交场合有卓越表现。2011年4月金砖国家领导人第三次会晤,成功为胡锦涛主席、俄罗斯总统梅德韦杰夫等国家领导人演出,在2011博鳌亚洲论坛上为各国领导人的演出获得各国元首及政要广泛赞誉。2011年8月18日在人民大会堂为习近平副主席和美国副总统拜登等中美国家领导人演出,8月26日在外交部为各国驻华大使演出。

乐团现任团长为著名作曲家关峡。2010年3月,世界指挥大师米歇尔·普拉松担任了乐团的首席指挥,使乐团的音响增添了法国式的细腻、典雅和丰富的色彩。乐团荣誉指挥汤沐海,首席常任指挥李心草,首席客座指挥邵恩,特邀指挥陈燮阳,乐队首席为刘云志。


Bainashi-2000 model   是职业型圆号 (Bainashi HORN)


China National Symphony Orchestra

The Central Philharmonic- the China national orchestra was founded in July 3rd 1956. The 1st concert in commemoration of 200th anniversary of the birth of Mozart was held in Beijing after the founding of the orchestra. In 1996, the Central Philharmonic was restructured and renamed as the China National Symphony Orchestra. Regarded as Chinese orchestras’ flagship, it represents the China’s symphony artistry and had gone through 55 years’ history.


In this period, famous Chinese conductor Delun Li, Zhongjie Han had helped lay a strong foundation for the improvement of the artistic level. Throughout its history, the CNSO has collaborated with many world famous artists in order to bring excellence to its audiences. CNSO audiences have been thrilled by famous conductors such as E.Ormandy Eugene, Herbert Von Karajan, Seiji Ozawa, Charles Dutoit, Kurt Masur,Rozhdestvensky, Krzysztof Penderecki, Osmo Antero Vänskä, Daniel Harding, David Zinman, Zuohuang Chen, Muhai Tang, En Shao and so on; Other well-known guest artists have included instrumentalists David Feodorovich Oistrakh, Yehudi Menuhin,  Isaac Stern, Anne-Sophie Mutter, Martha Argerich, Yoyo Ma, Lang Lang, Yundi Li, Jian Wang, Yujia Wang, Albrecht Mayer and among the others.


The premiere of Beethoven Symphony No.9 by the Central Philharmonic was held in Beijing on Oct. 1st 1959 and all the musicians were Chinese. The orchestra has not only played large amount of western classical music by Beethoven, Brahms, Tchaikovsky, Wagner, Mahler, Richard Strauss, Dmitri Shostakovich, Penderecki and among the others, and also introduce a lot of works by contemporary Chinese composers such as Yellow River Cantata by Xinghai Xian and Yellow River Piano Concerto. The orchestra has also played operas by Beethoven, Wagner, Puccini and Richard Strauss.


The CNSO has toured throughout many countries in Europe, Asia, North and South America, giving successful performances to critical acclaim by the international press. In 2006, CNSO brought Xia Guan’s new work Fantasies Symphoniques Farewell My Concubine and Scheherazade by Rimsky-Korsakov to the United States during the concert tour in 8 cities, which strongly impressed the audiences. The concerts were held in major concert halls where world-class symphony orchestras often perform, including Avery Fisher Concert Hall, Lincoln Center of New York, Chicago Symphony Hall, and others. In London, a music critic for The Times praised the CNSO as “ a mature group with a vital sound.” The New York Times, the Washington Post quotes as , “The China National Symphony Orchestra is a solid, energetic and meticulously drilled ensemble.”, “the excellent performance by the orchestra won the audiences, they were given prolonged applauses.” Korean media said CNSO is the best orchestra in Asia and “the pride of 1.3 billion people.” In June 2010, CNSO participated in World Festival of World Symphony Orchestra in Moscow, the concert was conducted by Principal Conductor Michel Plasson with program Saint-Saens Symphony No.3 and Earth Requiem by Xia Guan, the festival organizing committee praises the orchestra as “beautiful sound from the east”.

The superb performances of CNSO chamber orchestra have deserved great praises in many important diplomatic occasions. At the 3rd BRICs Leaders Meeting in April 2011, Chinese President Hu Jintao, Russian President Medvedev and a number of state leaders attended the concert by the ensemble with great interests. At Boao Forum for Asia Annual Conference 2011, many state leaders and officials rewarded them with prolonged applause for the splendid performances. On August 18th 2011, in the Great Hall of the People, the Chinese Vice President Xi Jinping, US Vice President Joe Biden and the delegation attended the CNSO chamber concert and sang high praises of it. On August 26th 2011, at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the ambassadors from different countries were moved by a performance full of passion, lyricism, and warmth by the chamber orchestra.


Leading the CNSO into the future are Director Guan Xia (Composer), Laureate Conductor Muhai Tang, Principal Resident Conductor Li Xincao, Principal Guest Conductor En Shao, Guest Conductor Chen Xieyang, and Concertmaster Yunzhi Liu. In March 2010, world famous conductor Michel Plasson was appointed Principal Conductor of the orchestra, which introduces French style delicacy, elegance of music and richness in color into the orchestra.

摘自中国交响乐团网(www.CNSO.com.cn)